Raspberry Pi – File storage backup


This article describes briefly my setup of an automatic backup procedure for my file storage I have connected to my Rasperry Pi 3 Model B. The file storage as well as the backup storage are external hard drives. Both are connected to the Pi over a  USB port I bought on Amazon to properly supply them with current.

Hard drive configuration

Both hard drives are configured in /etc/fstab:

UUID=7db942b8-19a0-4118-9aef-c217cbe7fc8a /media/dlna_drive ext4 defaults,nofail,x-systemd.automount,x-systemd.device-timeout=5 0 0
UUID=e87b9ca7-d6d9-4a3d-913f-cf7710309e4f /media/backup_drive ext4 defaults,nofail,x-systemd.automount,x-systemd.device-timeout=5 0 0

In addition both hard drives are managed with hd-idle. The /etc/default/hd-idle config file is configured like this:

HD_IDLE_OPTS="-i 0 -a /dev/disk/by-uuid/7db942b8-19a0-4118-9aef-c217cbe7fc8a -a /dev/disk/by-uuid/e87b9ca7-d6d9-4a3d-913f-cf7710309e4f -i 900 -l /var/log/hd-idle.log"

Hd-idle and how to mount a hard drive are already covered by my Minidlna article.

Backup configuration

Create a file /usr/local/sbin/backup_dlna_drive.sh:


echo "Start backup: $(date)"

rm -rf "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.3"
mv "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.2" "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.3"
mv "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.1" "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.2"
cp -al "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.0" "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.1"
rsync -a --delete $SOURCE_DIR "$DESTINATION/backup.dlna_drive.0/"

echo "Backup finished: $(date)"

and make it executable:

root@raspberrypi:/usr/local/sbin# chmod 755 backup_dlna_drive.sh

Finally add an entry into crontab of root user:

0 2 1 * * /usr/local/sbin/backup_dlna_drive.sh >> /var/log/backup.dlna_drive.log 2>&1


This article described briefly my automatic backup procedure in place on my Pi. The backup is started by crontab at the beginning of every month and it keeps up to 3 month of snapshots. By having hd-idle in place the hard disks are only spinning in case they are needed. This is good for both hard disks connected as it will increase their lifetime dramatically.




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